Statistics shows that pirate attacks at sea are 40% down since the Somali piracy boom in 2011. The practice of attacking and robbing ships at sea (including taking hostages) is at its lowest level in 6 years. There were reported 264 pirate raids for the last year. This acceptable result comes after critical drop in the piracy near Somalia for 2013, International Maritime Bureau (IMB) informed for only 15 incidents. 2012, the number of attacks were 75 and 237 in 2011.
The main reasons for this significant drop are:
- Armed security teams on board the vessels
- International coalition of navy patrols
- Somalia's government participation in the fight against pirates
Pottengal Mukundan, IMB's director said:
"The single biggest reason for the drop in worldwide piracy is the decrease in Somali piracy off the coast of East Africa,"
If the cooperation between international forces and the Somalia government stops at this stage, the piracy could rise again. IBM's report says that more than 300 passengers were taken hostages at sea for the last year, 21 injured.
Statistics is showing that Indonesia saw the most pirate attacks for 2013. Considerably high compared to the rest of the world. In other hand, the most serious incidents were reported off Africa and the continent has share with 19% pirate attacks for 2013. The most ferocious and violent attacks were reported off Nigeria, 31 of the region's 51 attacks, 1 man killed, 36 crew members taken hostages for ransom.
In the period between 2005 and 2012, the pirates managed to "win" more than $400m (£251m) in ransom money. Horn of Africa is known as a region with very busy shipping and humanitarian aid routes.